The conclusion summarizes all of the main points from your paper. You need to restate your thesis statement and your key supporting ideas in an original way. You also want to leave your reader with a strong impression. There is no set formula for writing a conclusion. However, if you paraphrase the main idea from each body paragraph and tie the ideas back to your thesis, you will have included the most important points from your writing. After you have summarized your major points, close your essay with a statement to make sure that your readers understand why this information is important to them. You may want to find a way to connect your conclusion back to your introductory grabber, thereby bringing your essay full circle.

Avoid these common problems with conclusions:

  • Do not restate your thesis exactly as it appears in your introduction. Always rephrase it.
  • Do not use trite phrases such as “in conclusion,” or “in summary.”
  • Do not use emotional or personal appeals that do not fit with the critical style of your paper.
  • Do not introduce new information or ideas in the conclusion that should have been included in the body of the paper.

After you have written your conclusion, reread it and ask yourself: “So what?” or, “Why should my reader care about this?” If you can answer these questions, you have the basis for a memorable conclusion.